Australia

Click here for Australia Destinations

For Australia destinations, click the map to the left. Some of the destinations discussed include:

New South Wales and ACT, Northern Territory, Tasmania, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia.

The Commonwealth of Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the entire mainland of the world’s smallest continent and includes a number of islands in the Southern, Indian, and Pacific Oceans with Tasmania as the largest and nearest, and being a sovereign State within the Commonwealth.

Cradle Mountain Tasmania

The Australian overseas territories are the Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, the Coral Sea Islands, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Heard Island and the McDonald Islands[1], and Norfolk Island[2].

The Commonwealth comprises of six states, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia and two major mainland territories, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).

Australia is a prosperous and well developed country with a multicultural society. It is a well sought after international tourist destination.

Sydney Harbour Bridge and the famous Sydney Opera House

Map of Australia

While Australia is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world, at the same time it is one of the most urbanised countries on earth, with up to 85 percent of the population living in mainly coastal cities. Beyond that Australia is the driest continent and large areas are unsuitable or uneconomical for large population concentrations.

It is a continent with a landscape consisting mainly of low plateaus which are sectioned off by rugged mountain ranges.

The Great Dividing Range is the biggest mountain range, and starts in central Victoria and ends in Northern Queensland, some several thousand kilometres in length. An area on the Victoria and New South Wales border receives more snow than the country of Switzerland.

Great Dividing Range

Australia is a very large country. This fact needs to be taken into serious consideration when planning a visit. For comparison Australia is as large as mainland USA but with a much smaller population and related infrastructure.

Size Australia versus USA - map overlay

Distances are huge and accordingly flying especially with the availability of reliable discount airlines (Jetstar, Virgin blue and Tiger) has become the common form of transport to travel longer distances. If time is restricted time may be wasted by travelling by road between major destination points.

In general major connecting roads are good and with the increasing prosperity much effort is being put in developing a modern road infrastructure.

Brisbane - Riverside Express Way

When travelling further land inwards it is important to check the road quality. Due to its scarce and very thinly spread population outside the major living areas and combined with the very large distances; roads just cannot always be expected to be perfect.

Desert Venturer Bus Alice Springs~Cairns

Outside the major populated areas, roads often are unsealed. Although in most cases well maintained, seasonal and geographical extremes have a large influence on the road conditions.
In the “rainy” season it is must to check with the local state automobile clubs for safe driveability as roads may be flooded or fords[3] unsafe to cross.
It is advisable to always reach your destination before dusk as kangaroos and other animals do share the road with you.
Also make sure that the next petrol station is within comfortable reach.

Note that car hiring companies often exclude the use of their cars on unsealed roads.

The Kimberley Western Australia
The Kimberley region in Western Australia is one of the world’s last true wilderness areas. Covering nearly 423,000 square kilometres, this ancient region has fewer people per square kilometre than almost any other place on Earth.

Kimberley Cruises

Lake Argyle is the largest freshwater lake in the Southern Hemisphere and holds, in water volume, more than 20 Sydney Harbours.

Hidden in the heart of the Kimberley region are vast wildlife sanctuaries, spectacular gorges and thundering waterfalls. On its coast lie some of the world’s most beautiful beaches, untouched coral atolls and rugged islands with an amazing variety of marine life.

Lake Argyle - Ord River, Australia

The Kimberley may be seen as part of a boat cruise, a self drive holiday, and guided bus trips or from the air by helicopter.

Australia’s capital cities are:

There are eight Capital Cities at a ‘sub-national’ level. Canberra also serves as the National Capital City[4]:

Melbourne (3,300,000) – Victoria
Canberra (345,000) – ACT
Sydney (4,400,000) – New South Wales
Brisbane (2,000,000) – Queensland
Darwin (121,000) – Northern Territory
Perth (1,600,000) – Western Australia
Adelaide (1,200,000) – South Australia
Hobart (260,000) – Tasmania
Kingston (2,500) – Norfolk Island

Australia is famous for its glorious beaches


[1] 4000 km each way between Perth, West Australia and South Africa. They contain the only two active volcanoes in Australian territory, one of which, Mawson Peak, is the highest Australian mountain (2745 mtr). Its most recent eruption is thought to have been on 10 August 2005

[2] A small island in the Pacific Ocean located between Australia and New Zealand. It is part of the Commonwealth of Australia, but it enjoys a large degree of self-governance. Even Australians need a passport.

[3] A ford is a shallow area in a river or creek that can be crossed by car

[4] Until 1927 Melbourne was Australia’s Capital City. Canberra was purposely built.





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